Dolls are often associated as the commonly used toys especially for little girls. It gives pleasure and joy upon playing with this kind of toy. However, there are also dolls that are created not as toys but as an object of art. It is called as the art dolls. This kind of doll is creating a great variety of media and styles that may include both the wholly original works and pre-manufactured parts.
There are also commonly used art dolls that can even found in different malls around the world. It is identified as mannequin and can be called as lay figure, dummy and dress form. This is normally articulated doll utilized by tailors, artists, window dressers, dressmakers and other people who fit and display clothing. This word is also used as life-sized art dolls having simulated airways which are used when teaching CPR, first aid, and management skills for advanced airway like tracheal intubation.
The etymology of the word mannequin comes in French word “mannequin” that acquired its meaning as the jointed model of artist. This eventually turns into the Flemish term manneken that gives meaning as little man, figurine.
Shop mannequins originated from different dress forms that are used by fashion house intended for dress making. The utilization of mannequins originated during 15th century. It is when miniature mannequins’ milliners are used in demonstrating fashions for the customers. Wickerwork and full-scale kind of mannequins that came during middle 18th century has been utilized by most people. Wirework kind of mannequins has been manufactured from 1835 in Paris.
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Historically, artists normally use an articulated mannequin as the aid for drawing a draped figure. The benefit of doing this is drapery or clothing is arranged on the mannequin that can be kept immobile. This is possible for longer period of time as compared of using a live kind of model.
Medical simulation kinds of mannequins, related artefacts or models just like the Harvey or SimMa are used widely for medical education. These are normally referred as the virtual patients. The word manikin is exclusively referred into these kinds of models even though mannequin is normally used.
Mannequins are also used in courses that teach about first aid in demonstrating the methods in terms of giving first aid. Coast guard services and fire services are also using mannequins in order to practice a life-saving kind of procedure. Mannequins have the same weight distribution of human. Horse mannequins and special kind of obese mannequins have been also made in similar purposes as what are stated above.
For Popular Culture
Mannequins are normally the motif during the works of many artists in the early 20th century. One of the notable practitioners of this is the metaphysical painters such as Carlo Carra, Giorgio de Chirico, and Alberto Savinio. Displaying mannequins in shop windows were the usual subject of photography especially for Eugene Atget.
Mannequins become also the popular theme in terms of horror fiction. Most of the people find mannequins to be disturbing this is probably because of its uncanny kind of valley effect most especially if it is not assembled fully. There are also evident movies that utilize mannequins and this includes the “Doctor Who serial Spearhead from Space”. It depicts the idea about alien intelligence that attempts in taking over the earth thru their killer plastic mannequin known as Autons. Another identified films are the 2006 remake of “The Hills Have Eyes”, Mulholland Falls, and California where these depict the abandoned nuclear testing site that consist of towns that are populated with many mannequins.
There is also a film about Mannequins wherein a man fallen in love with a mannequin that eventually became into life.
This simply shows that mannequins are not only used as displays or models but also the point of idea for films. It is just an indication that people are embracing also the idea of mannequins not just in the dress shops but also in the wide screen.
Display for Shops
The first indicated fashion mannequins are made from France thru the use of paper mache during the middle 19th century. But eventually, a mannequin has been created in wax in order to produce for a more life-like kind of appearance. During the year of 1920s, wax has been supplanted thru a more flexible and durable composition made of plaster.
The modern day kind of mannequins are already created in a form of varied kind of materials such as plastic and fiberglass being the primary material. The fiberglass kinds of mannequins are normally more expensive as compared with plastic ones making it not to become more durable. But these are significantly more realistic and even impressive. On the other hand, plastic mannequins are relatively the new innovation in a mannequin field in order to build and withstand the customer hustle of foot traffic. This is witnessed usually in a store where they are being placed into.
Mannequins are primarily used by different retails as in window decoration and in-store displays. Thus, there are several online sellers who also utilize these in order to display a certain product intended for a product photo. This is opposed in the utilization of live model.
Tool for Military
The utilization of mannequins in military is recorded among the native Chinese like the Yongqui Battle. Tang army are besieged in lower scarecrow down the wall of castles in luring the fire of an army arrow. Through this, they are able to renew the supply of arrows. Dummies were used also in trenches during the World War 1 in order to lure snipers enemy away from soldiers.
The CIA report is describing the utilization of mannequins being the measure of counter surveillance. This is intended in order to make this to be a more difficult for a host country of counter intelligence in order to track the movements of CIA agent posing as the diplomats. The mannequin for military use represents an upper half part of human that will quickly replace the CIA agent. This is evident after leaving a car driven thru the other agents and then walks away. This is in order for any of the counter intelligence officers that monitor the agent’s car will give an assumption the he is still inside the car.